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MR. HYLAND (aka 'King of Mesopotamia') MR. HYLAND (aka 'King of Mesopotamia')

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Global Studies 10 Global Studies 10
» Course Outline
» Five Themes of Geography Notes
» The Seven Elements of Culture
» What Makes a Civilization?
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Global Studies 10 » The Seven Elements of Culture

The Seven Elements of Culture

THE SEVEN ELEMENTS OF CULTURE

 

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

·         Creates social structure by organizing its members into small units to meet basic needs.

·         Family Patterns: family is the most important unit of social organization.  Through the family children learn how they are expected to act and what to believe.

·         Nuclear family: wife, husband, children.  This is a typical family in an industrial society (US). 

·         Extended family: Several generations living in one household, working and living together: grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins.  Respect for elders is strong.

·         Social classes: rank people in order of status, depending on what is important to the culture (money, job, education, ancestry, etc.)

 

 

CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

 

·         Rules of Behavior are enforced ideas of right and wrong. They can be customs, traditions, rules, or written laws.

 

RELIGION

 

·         Answers basic questions about the meaning of life.

·         Supports values that groups of people feel are important.

·         Religion is often a source of conflict between cultures.

·         Monotheism is a belief in one god.

·         Polytheism is a belief in many gods.

·         Atheism is a belief in no gods.

LANGUAGE

·         Language is the cornerstone of culture.

·         All cultures have a spoken language (even if there are no developed forms of writing).

·         People who speak the same language often share the same culture.

·         Many societies include a large number of people who speak different languages.

·         Each language can have several different dialects.

 

 

ARTS AND LITERATURE

·         They are the products of the human imagination.

·         They help us pass on the culture’s basic beliefs.

·         Examples: art, music, literature, and folk tales

 

 

FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

·         People form governments to provide for their common needs, keep order within society, and protect their society from outside threats.

·         Definition of government: 1. Person/people who hold power in a society; 2  Society’s

laws and political institutions.

·         Democracy:  people have supreme power, government acts by and with consent.

·         Republic:  people choose leaders who represent them.

·         Dictatorship: ruler/group holds power by force usually relying on military support for power.

 

ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

·         How people use limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs.

·         Answers the basic questions:  what to produce, how to produce it, and for whom.

·         Traditional Economy:  people produce most of what they need to survive (hunting, gathering, farming, herding cattle, make own clothes/tools).

·         Market Economy:  buying and selling goods and services

·         Command Economy:  Government controls what/how goods are produced and what they cost.   Individuals have little economic power

·         Mixed Economy:  Individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes others.

 

 







Mr. Hyland

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