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AP Psychology
AP Psychology
Prologue
Prologue
Chapter One:  Thinking Critically
Chapter One: Thinking Critically
Chapter Two: Neuroscience and Behavior
Chapter Two: Neuroscience and Behavior
Chapter Three: Nature, Nurture and Human Diversity
Chapter Three: Nature, Nurture and Human Diversity
Chapter Four: Developing Through the Life Span
Chapter Four: Developing Through the Life Span
Chapter Five:  Sensation
Chapter Five: Sensation
Chapter Six: Perception
Chapter Six: Perception
Chapter Seven: States of Consciousness
Chapter Seven: States of Consciousness
Chapter Eight:  Learning
Chapter Eight: Learning
Chapter Nine:  Memory
Chapter Nine: Memory
Chapter Ten: Thinking and Language
Chapter Ten: Thinking and Language
Chapter Eleven: Intelligence
Chapter Eleven: Intelligence
Chapter Twelve: Motivation and Work
Chapter Twelve: Motivation and Work
Chapter Thirteen: Emotion
Chapter Thirteen: Emotion
Chapter Fourteen: Stress and Health
Chapter Fourteen: Stress and Health
Chapter Fifteen: Personality
Chapter Fifteen: Personality
Chapter Sixteen: Psychological Disorders
Chapter Sixteen: Psychological Disorders
Chapter Seventeen: Therapy
Chapter Seventeen: Therapy
Chapter Eighteen: Social Psychology
Chapter Eighteen: Social Psychology

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Chapter Three: Nature, Nurture and Human Diversity Chapter Three: Nature, Nurture and Human Diversity
Chapter Three Objectives

Chapter 3

 

Objective 1| Give examples of differences and similarities within the human family.


 

Objective 2| Describe the types of questions that interest behavior geneticists.



 

Objective 3| Define chromosome, DNA, gene, and genome, and describe their relationships.


 

Objective 4| Explain how identical and fraternal twins differ, and cite ways that behavior geneticists use twin studies to understand the effects of environment and heredity.


 

Objective 5| Cite ways that behavior geneticists use adoption studies to understand the effects of environment and heredity.


Objective 6| Discuss how the relative stability of our temperament illustrates the influence of heredity on development.


 

Objective 7| Discuss heritability’s application to individuals and groups, and explain what we mean when we say genes are self-regulating.


 

Objective 8| Give an example of a genetically influenced trait that can evoke responses in others, and give another example of an environment that can trigger gene activity.


 

Objective 9| Identify the potential promise and perils of molecular genetics research.


 

Objective 10| Describe the area of psychology that interests evolutionary psychologists.


Objective 11| State the principle of natural selection, and point out some possible effects of natural selection in the development of human characteristics.


 

Objective 12| Identify some gender differences in sexuality.


Objective 13| Describe evolutionary explanations for gender differences in sexuality.


Objective 14| Summarize the criticisms of evolutionary explanations of human behaviors, and describe the evolutionary psychologists’ responses to those criticisms.


 

Objective 15| Describe some of the conditions that can affect development before birth.


Objective 16| Describe how experience can modify the brain.


 

Objective 17| Explain why we should be careful in attributing children’s successes and failures to their parents’ influence.


 

Objective 18| Evaluate the importance of peer influence on development.



Objective
19
| Discuss the survival benefits of culture.


 

Objective 20| Describe some ways that cultures differ.


 

Objective 21| Explain why changes in the human gene pool cannot account for culture change over time.


Objective 22| Identify some ways a primarily individualist culture differs from a primarily collectivist culture, and compare their effects on personal identity.


Objective 23| Describe some ways that child-rearing differs in individualist and collectivist cultures.


Objective 24| Describe some ways that humans are similar, despite their cultural differences.


 

Objective 25| Identify some biological and psychological differences between males and females.


 

Objective 26| Summarize the gender gap in aggression.


 

Objective 27| Describe some gender differences in social power.


 

Objective 28| Discuss gender differences in connectedness, or the ability to “tend and befriend.”


 

Objective 29| Explain how biological sex is determined, and describe the role of sex hormones in biological development and gender differences.


 

Objective 30| Discuss the importance of environment in the development of gender roles, and describe two theories of gendertyping.


 

Objective 31| Describe the biopsychosocial approach to development.