||Chapter Sixteen: Psychological Disorders
Chapter Sixteen Objectives
Objective 1| Identify the criteria for judging whether behavior is psychologically disordered.
Objective 2| Contrast the medical model of psychological disorders with the biopsychosocial approach to disordered behavior.
Objective 3| Describe the goals and content of the DSM-Invite American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSMIV), which currently describes 400 disorders and their prevalence.
Objective 4| Discuss the potential dangers and benefits of using diagnostic labels.
Objective 5| Define anxiety disorders, and explain how these conditions differ from normal feelings of stress, tension, or uneasiness.
Objective 6| Contrast the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder.
Objective 7 | Explain how a phobia differs from the fears we all experience.
Objective 8| Describe the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Objective 9| Describe the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, and discuss survivor resiliency.
Objective 10| Discuss the contributions of the learning and biological perspectives to our understanding of the development of anxiety disorders.
Objective 11| Describe the symptoms of dissociative disorders, and explain why some critics are skeptical about dissociative identity disorder.
Objective 12| Define mood disorders, and contrast major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder.
Objective 13| Discuss the facts that an acceptable theory of depression must explain.
Objective 14| Summarize the contributions of the biological perspective to the study of depression, and discuss the link between suicide and depression.
Objective 15| Summarize the contributions of the social-cognitive perspective to the study of depression, and describe the events in the cycle of depression.
Objective 16| Describe the symptoms of schizophrenia, and differentiate delusions and hallucinations.
Objective 17| Distinguish the five subtypes of schizophrenia, and contrast chronic and acute schizophrenia.
Objective 18| Outline some abnormal brain chemistry, functions, and structures associated with schizophrenia, and discuss the possible link between prenatal viral infections and schizophrenia.
Objective 19| Discuss the evidence for a genetic contribution to the development of schizophrenia.
Objective 20| Describe some psychological factors that may be early warning signs of schizophrenia in children.
Objective 21| Contrast the three clusters of personality disorders, and describe the behaviors and brain activity associated with antisocial personality disorder.
Objective 22| Discuss the prevalence of psychological disorders, and summarize the findings on the link between poverty and serious psychological disorders.