||Chapter Eighteen: Social Psychology
Chapter Eighteen Objectives
Objective 1| Describe the three main focuses of social psychology.
Objective 2| Contrast dispositional and situational attributions, and explain how the fundamental attribution error can affect our analyses of behavior.
Objective 3| Define attitude.
Objective 4| Describe the conditions under which attitudes can affect actions.
Objective 5| Explain how the foot-in-the-door phenomenon, role playing, and cognitive dissonance illustrate the influence of actions on attitudes.
Objective 6| Describe the chameleon effect, and give an example of it.
Objective 7| Discuss Asch’s experiments on conformity, and distinguish between normative and informational social influence.
Objective 8| Describe Milgram’s experiments on obedience, and outline the conditions in which obedience was highest.
Objective 9| Explain how the conformity and obedience studies can help us understand our susceptibility to social influence.
Objective 10| Describe the conditions in which the presence of others is likely to result in social facilitation, social loafing, or deindividuation.
Objective 11| Discuss how group interaction can facilitate group polarization and groupthink.
Objective 12| Identify the characteristic common to minority positions that sway majorities.
Objective 13| Identify the three components of prejudice
Objective 14| Contrast overt and subtle forms of prejudice, and give examples of each.
Objective 15| Discuss the social factors that contribute to prejudice.
Objective 16| Explain how scapegoating illustrates the emotional component of prejudice.
Objective 17| Cite four ways that cognitive processes help create and maintain prejudice.
Objective 18| Explain how psychology’s definition of aggression differs from everyday usage.
Objective 19| Describe three levels of biological influences on aggression.
Objective 20| Outline four psychological triggers of aggression.
Objective 21| Discuss the effects of violent video games on social attitudes and behavior.
Objective 22| Explain how social traps and mirror-image perceptions fuel social conflict.
Objective 23| Describe the influence of proximity, physical attractiveness, and similarity on interpersonal attraction.
Objective 24| Describe the effect of physical arousal on passionate love, and identify two predictors of enduring companionate love.
Objective 25| Define altruism, and give an example.
Objective 26| Describe the steps in the decision-making process involved in bystander intervention.
Objective 27| Explain altruistic behavior from the perspective of social exchange theory and social norms.
Objective 28| Discuss effective ways of encouraging peaceful cooperation and reducing social conflict.